Does your dog itch every time? Itchiness, hair loss, and general discomfort are symptoms of dog skin problems. There are so many of these issues they can be difficult to identify. In this article, we look at five common skin problems that afflict dogs.
Food, especially protein food such as chicken and beef can cause allergic reactions in your dog. These allergies cause extreme itch on the feet, ears, face, and around the anus of an affected dog, leading to serious discomfort. The condition can result to digestive problems such as diarrhea and vomiting. To know if your dog is allergic to a certain food, your vet will create an elimination diet comprising non-allergic foods. Feed the animal for 8-12 weeks only on the diet. Once you identify the food causing allergies in your dog, eliminate it from his diet.
Atopic dermatitis or atopy is an environmental allergy resulting from contact with allergens such as pollen, mold spores, plants, and grass or dust mite among others. Environmental allergies are a common cause of discomfort for many dogs, often necessitating a visit to the vet. Brachycephalic dogs are more prone to environmental allergies because of the skin folds on their huge heads, armpits and flanks.
As a pet owner, you should always be on the lookout for signs of these allergies. When your dog comes in contact with environmental allergens, she may itch in the face, ears, feet, tummy, and chest. If your dog is sensitive to the environment, you need medication, medicated washes, hypoallergenic clothing, a suitable diet, and environmental changes to manage the condition. If left untreated, the affected spot can become infected and transform into generalized dermatitis.
Flea Allergy Dermatitis
This is the most common skin disease among dogs and other pets. It results from an allergic reaction to a flea’s saliva. Your dog can come down with this condition even with one flea bite, making it essential to keep your pooch flea-free at all times.
Ringworm is a fungal infection that causes serious itch on the affected area. The condition is contagious and an infected dog can spread it to other dogs and humans. If you notice circular, crusty bald patches on your dog’s skin, it may be ringworm. Call your vet for advice immediately. You can manage ringworm with oral medications and medicated washes based on the level of infection.
Like humans, dogs can also have dandruff. In dogs, dandruff results from skin irritation or excessive skin dryness. If your dog’s diet is lacking in protein and essential fatty acids and other important nutrients, his coat may become too try, predisposing the animal to dandruff. If your dog has dandruff, increase his intake of high quality protein and omega-3 and 6 fatty acids for enhanced skin and coat health.
There are several skin problems that can afflict your dog. But many of them are avoidable with the right precautions. Hypoallergenic clothing made from natural fiber can help reduce your dog’s contact with parasites, irritants and allergens that cause skin problems.